%0 Journal Article
%J ASCE Journal of Engineering Mechanics
%D 1991
%T RC column model for inelastic seismic response analysis in 3D
%A Manolis G. Sfakianakis
%A Michael N. Fardis
%U http://ascelibrary.org/emo/resource/1/jenmdt/v117/i12/p2770_s1
%V 117
%X A distributed inelasticity cyclic model of reinforced concrete (RC) columns is developed, using as a building block the tangent flexibility matrix of a section, which relates the three nondimensional normal stress resultants to the three corresponding section deformations. It is given in a companion paper in terms of the amount and distribution of the column longitudinal and transverse reinforcement. The tangent flexibility matrix of the cross section is integrated numerically along the element length to give the tangent flexibility (and stiffness, by inversion) matrix of slender reinforced concrete columns, in which flexure dominates the cyclic inelastic behavior. The model is implemented into a finite element program for the nonlinear static or dynamic analysis of structures in three dimensions. The program is applied to predict the results of cyclic uniaxial or biaxial tests, as well as the dynamic response of an actual reinforced concrete building to the three components of the Kalamata 1986 earthquake. The model predictions are in good agreement with the test results and with the damage inflicted to the building by the earthquake.