Seismic response and design of RC structures with plan-eccentric masonry infills

TitleSeismic response and design of RC structures with plan-eccentric masonry infills
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
Fardis MN, Bousias S, Franchioni G, Panagiotakos TB
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics

The bidirectional response of a two-storey RC frame structure with two adjacent sides infilled is studied through shaking table tests and non-linear dynamic analyses. The pre-cracking stiffness of the infills is large enough to impose twisting of the infilled structure about the common corner of the two infilled sides, with predominant period close to that of translation of the symmetric bare structure in the two horizontal directions. Parametric analyses and test results show that the peak displacement components of the corner column of the two open sides are about the same as (or slightly less than) those of the bare structure under the same bidirectional excitation, but take place simultaneously. This simultaneity of peak local demands from the two components of the motion seems to be the only effect of plan-eccentric infilling that needs to be taken into account in the design of the RC structure. Despite their very high slenderness (height-to-thickness ratio of about 30), infill panels survive out-of-plane peak accelerations of 0·6g at the base of the structure or 1·3–1·75g at their centre

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