Seismic design and response of bare and masonry-infilled reinforced concrete buildings. Part II: infilled structures

TitleSeismic design and response of bare and masonry-infilled reinforced concrete buildings. Part II: infilled structures
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
Fardis MN, Panagiotakos TB
JournalJournal of Earthquake Engineering
Volume1
Issue3
Abstract

The effects of masonry infills on the global seismic response of reinforced concrete structures is studied through numerical analyses. Response spectra of elastic SDOF frames with nonlinear infills show that, despite their apparent stiffening effect on the system, infills reduce spectral displacements and forces mainly through their high damping in the first large post-cracking excursion. Parametric analyses on a large variety of multi-storey infilled reinforced concrete structures show that, due to the hysteretic energy dissipation in the infills, if the infilling is uniform in all storeys, drifts and structural damage are dramatically reduced, without an increase in the seismic force demands. Soft-storey effects due to the absence of infills in the bottom storey are not so important for seismic motions at the design intensity, but may be very large at higher motion intensities, if the ultimate strength of the infills amounts to a large percentage of the building weight. The Eurocode 8 provisions for designing the weak storey elements against the effects of infill irregularity are found to be quite effective, in general, for the columns, but unnecessary and often counterproductive for the beams.

URLhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13632469708962375
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