Strengthening of historic masonry structures with composite materials

TitleStrengthening of historic masonry structures with composite materials
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
Triantafillou TC, Fardis MN
JournalMaterials and Structures

This paper deals with the applications of unidirectional fibre-reinforced polymer tendons for the reversible strengthening of masonry monuments. The tendons, anchored to the masonry only at the ends, are circumferentially applied on the external face of the structure and posttensioned to provide horizontal confinement. The relevant properties of fibre-reinforced polymer materials and prestressing systems are summarised; in addition, the concepts for their application, including anchorage, to masonry structures are developed, and a general design procedure is presented. The effectiveness of the strengthening technique is established both analytically, for structures with simple geometries, and numerically, for a real three-dimensional structure with openings, based on the finite element method. The effects of temperature changes on the tendons and the masonry are shown to be negligible. It is concluded that the effectiveness of the proposed method in the consolidation of historic masonry structures is quite satisfactory, especially when the strengthening elements are made of carbon fibre-reinforced polymer.

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